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Egypt First Imbeerialist Power? Part 2

November 22nd, 2010 by admin | Filed under Ancient History.

By UAI

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As stated earlier the Egyptians loved beer. Osiris, founded a beer king dynasty as well as acting as the god of sacred grains barley and emmer, both used variously in Egyptian beer production.1 It became the standard for a days minimum wage.2 Beer was so powerful a product that their was even advertising slogans for it “The mouth of the perfectly happy man is filled with beer.”3 Beer was a regular part of a meal as well as an important part of religious ritual. The Goddess Hathor’s temples produced a non-alcoholic beer where the alcohol was boiled off as an offering to the Goddess with the remainder given out to parishioners in exchange for a tithe;4 almost daily pouring beer over some god or godess’ statuary;5 as well as used in steamy religious rituals for Hathor, channeling the Ninkasi cults of Sumeria, where the Priestesses would dance erotically, garbed only in a waist band from which hung hollowed out pearls with pebbles placed inside, while serving the parishioners mandrake laced beer until the parishioners and priestesses “were in direct contact with the world beyond.”6

An Egyptian admonition to engage in virtuous behavior said, “[d]o not cease to drink beer, to eat, to intoxicate thyself, to make love and celebrate the good days.”7 Children were named “How drunk is Cheops” or “How intoxicated is Hathor” where the Ancient Egyptian word for “drunk” or “intoxicated” had to have the underlying meaning of how close to a given god or goddess is Cheops or Hathor.8

Ancient Egypt in many ways was a matriarchal society, not necessarily in determination of lineage and estate property distribution, which may have differed greatly from current or even medieval standards, but in actual power relations. The women were the primary brewers whether in the household or in a religious order.9 Exalting, rather than denigrating, women’s role in the religious production, service, and consumption of beer including the rituals that accompanied its consumption, such as the religious strip-tease dances(sexual intercourse?), placed the women of Ancient Egypt in a seat of power.10 Because women controlled these acts from a position of spiritual interaction with the gods and goddesses, women wielded great power over men in all social arenas of Egyptian life.11 This may have been a carryover from the Sumerian cult of Ninkasi as most historians believe now that Egypt derived its beer from Sumeria12 While women may not have been more powerful than men in Egyptian society, they certainly were not aggressively relegated to a subordinate status as they have been in much of the Judeo- Christeo-Islamic traditions.

In Egypt Hathor seemed to fulfill the role of Ninkasi13 by being both a goddess of beer and love.14 Yet, Egypt had a second goddess of beer, Bes the deformed dwarf goddess of childbirth.15 Bes the ancient Egyptian Goddess of childbirth, known for her fondness of beer, was often presented as a dwarf and her spiritual association with beer in ancient Egyptian religion is outranked only by Hathor.

And so it flowed through Egyptian society for nearly 3000 years, occasionally overrun by barbarians only to convert them to the Egyptian life-style or drive them out if they could not adjust. The last of these waves of barbarians came in the form of the relatively cultured Alexander the Great and his Greek and Macedonian minions.16 Alexander the Great, as many of you already know was the great conqueror of the ancient world, only to be usurped in terms of land mass controlled by the Mongols Ghengis Khan and later Tamerlane in the middles ages. Alexander conquered from Greece to India and from the Black Sea to the Sudan. Egypt, along with most of the decently civilized world all fell within his grip.

Fortunately, for his top generals and the inherently fractious Macedonian ruling class, and unfortunately, for his continuing legacy, Alexander’s only legitimate child who was born posthumously and left an easy target for assassination in the wars of succession that followed. Ultimately four of his top generals managed to breakaway large chunks of his empire and make it their own. 17

One of those four, the Ptolemaic Kingdom, in Egypt, founded by Ptolemy, would be the last of the Egyptian dynasties. Slowly expiring as an independent empire, Egypt had lost its hold on Judea and the Levant many years before. More recently Egypt had been twice conquered by the Persians in the previous two hundred years before welcoming Alexander as a liberator. Keep in mind that Persia controlled Sumeria throughout much of this period carrying with it the ancient beer power of that region.

Ptolemy realized that using Egypt as a base of operations from which to try to wrest control of the rest of Alexander’s empire was a safe move. Yet, Egyptian beer power was never enough by itself to extend his power permanently into Greece or Syria where he always had to contend with the Sumerian supported Seleucid Empire. Despite this limitation, he left behind a stable Egyptian dynasty committed to the sacred production of beer, appended with the Greek tendencies to promote the growth and collection of knowledge, such as the sponsoring of great mathematicians, like Euclid, or the first incarnations of the Libraries of Alexandria. 18

The danger to this “beautiful” marriage lay in the fact that the ruling class was inherently a wine drinking class, being of Greek extraction.19 Even more ominously, the Roman ruling class, clearly on the ascendency throughout the Mediterranean, also preferred wine although still largely dependent upon allied beer drinking troops to carry forth their imperial ambitions. It was this potent combination of Roman ascendency and Ptolemaic indifference to the central role that beer played in Egyptian society that lead to the ultimate downfall of Egypt as an independent power in the region.

Throughout the Ptolemaic rule of Egypt wine slowly crept in as the chic beverage of choice among the Egypto-Greek ruling class. While official lip service was paid to the beer gods and goddesses, the leaders’ hearts were no longer in the culture’s drink. 20 It was at this point Marc Antony, a consul of Rome, and the late Julius Caesar’s closest lieutenant, arrived in Egypt to escape the wrath of Octavian, Rome’s imperator to be, also named Julius Ceasar’s sole heir and adopted son in his will. Marc Antony also came probably to seek the glory and riches that could be obtained in successful campaigns in the East, and to engage in a possible war for Roman ascension himself. On the other side of this equation, the Greco-Egyptian ruling class remained in near disarray having suffered through a civil war between Cleopatra and her husband/brother Ptolemy the XIII. As a result of this civil war and other military campaigns later engaged by Cleopatra, the great wealth of Egypt had been slowly bled out through her hands.

Within a few years, Octavian felt he could no longer tolerate Marc Antony’s existence. Equally as distressing for Octavian, Cleopatra’s son Ceasarian, by way of Julius Caesar, was getting to an age where he could challenge Octavian as the sole legitimate heir of Caesar. This is the same son, for whom Cleopatra apparently started a civil war over and assassinated two of her brothers. He was now a target of the bulk of the Roman Empire. Cleopatra needed funds to feed and arm an army which Marc Antony could take onto the field and destroy the ascending Octavian and his Roman hordes and place her son as the legitimate ruler of both Rome and Egypt. To do so she imposed the world’s first beer tax;21 an act so at odds with the cultural beliefs of the people and a betrayal of the gods from which beer power flowed, Hathor could only respond in one way at the hubris of Cleopatra and the Egyptian people’s failure to end her blasphemous rule: plaguing Marc Antony’s and her fleet with a malaria outbreak, sending one of Marc Antony’s top admiral’s, with a copy of his battle plans over to Octavian, and stymying Marc Antony’s and Cleopatra’s respective fleets with mis-communication leading to the crushing defeat of the much larger Egypto-Roman navy by the Roman navy in the Battle of Actium.22

The political fallout of this battle was so devastating that within a year; despite escaping alive, Marc Antony and Cleopatra would commit suicide; Caesarian would be murdered; and Egypt would fall from the list of the world’s great empires and relegated to colonial status for the next 2000 years. Under a parade of rulers, the Egyptian people suffered the indignity of subjagation to the Romans, to the Byzantium Christians, to the Arab and Turkish Muslims, to the various European satrapies, until finally in the mid-20th Century they could reclaim full independence, only to suffer four ignomious defeats at the hands of the only beer drinking power in the region, Israel. This was the devastating impact of the world’s first beer tax upon a people whose culture and religious beliefs were built and centered around beer for nearly 3000 years; nearly 2000 years of repeated denigrating subjugation and defeat, so insidious that the majority of the people adopted a religion that eschews beer and the women who provided it. 23

1. http://beeradvocate.com/articles/629, Egyptian Beer for the Living, the Dead … and the Gods, by: HorstDornbusch on Monday – February 28, 2005.

2. Eames, Alan, The Secret Life of Beer: Legends, Lore
and Little Known Facts, (Hereinafter Secret Life) Storey Publishing Pownal, VT, 1995 – pg. 73. (Nobody asked to be paid in gum, but they apparently did ask to be paid in beer. Unlike gum it is not an absurd way to measure the value of labor. Are you listening purveyors of Trident Layers)

3. Secret Life. Pg. 97. UAI – It probably rolls off the tongue much more poetically in Ancient Egyptian. English can be so banally utilitarian.)

4. Secret Life pg. 74.

5. Secret Life pg. 80.

6. (The Editors – they achieved a state of spiritual fucking unity!) http://beeradvocate.com/articles/629 Mandrake root is a hallucinogenic narcotic legendarily used in witchcraft which is rather poisonous unless very carefully dosed. Somewhat similar in look to ginger root it usually takes a sort of stick figure human shape and is mythologically said to scream when pulled out of the ground, ala Harry Potter. http://www.ehow.com/facts_5708117_mandrake-root-do-you_.html

7. Secret Life pg. 82

8. Secret Life pg. 99.

9. Secret Life pgs. 87-90.

10. (The Editor’s – Talk about a great seat to begin experiencing the rapture’s hour of power.)

11. It raises another issue which I may address at a later date, Was Mary Magdellan a symbolic or actual practitioner of the cult of Hathor or Ninkasi and her subordination to Jesus a symbolic removal of these female-centric sources of power by a male-centric god.

12. Secret Life pgs. 84-85. And http://beeradvocate.com/articles/629) One innovation the Egyptians may have brought to beer was the use of bittering agents. They did not actually brew them into the beer but were believed to have served them as a condiment. Skirret and Lupine for example were placed between the cheek and gum much like Skoal snuff chewing tobacco. Secret Life pgs. 94-95; There is also some indication that the Egyptians may have brewed beer in the more commonly understood way of boiling malted barley in water rather than solely soaking baked “loaves” of flat bread in water under the established Sumerian method of beer production. The Egyptian word “Bouza” today refers to soaked bread beer found occasionally in Egyptian and surrounding countries homes and establishments. This word is also believed to be the source of our modern term “Booze,” which ironically refers primarily to hard liquor. Pgs. 23-24 Nelson, Max: The Barbarian’s Beverage, A History of Beer in Ancient Europe, Routledge, Milton Park, 2005, (Hereinafter Barbarian’s Beverage)

13. As well as providing a threat of catastrophic retribution, if Egyptians failed to worship their gods and goddesses properly. See generally EgyptFirst Imbeerialist Power, Part 1 http://tavernator.com/beertheoryofhistory/wp-admin/post.php?action=edit&post=330

14. (The Editors – Give us some of that old time religion!)

15. Secret life Pg. 9 (Beertheostorian A – Deformed dwarf goddess of child birth, what do you expect from a society that sanctifies fetal alcohol syndrome, sexually transmitted diseases and incest as religious acts. It was good Judeo-Christian men, like Moses, Jesus, Paul, and Gambrinus who brought purity and clarity to religion and brewing.)(UAI – The Egyptians “suffered” through these deficiencies for nearly 3000 years. Before passing judgment, which good Christian practitioners should leave to the auspices of God, maybe we should study what they did and keep in mind the paucity of scientific understanding that may have lead them to overlook the obvious health problems with their life styles.)(The Editors – ZZZZZZZZZZZ)

16 http://beeradvocate.com/articles/629.

17. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_the_Great 40 years of war between “The Successors” (Diadochi) ensued before the Hellenistic world settled into four stable power blocks: the Ptolemaic kingdom of Egypt, the Seleucid Empire in the east, [Sumeria and Persia], the Kingdom of Pergamon in Asia Minor[modern day Turkey, splitting control over Syria and the Levant with the Seleucid Empire], and the [Antigonad] in Macedonia [and Greece].” The last four would fall in reverse order to the Roman Empire within 100 years. The Ptolemaic Kingdom would last another 300 years in Egypt. (The Editors – The Anti-gonad, no wonder the Romans wanted to take them out. )(It is “Antigonid” after Antigones, you morons. – Beertheostorian A)

18. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemy_I_Soter;

19. See generally, Nelson, Max: Barbarian’s Beverage; and Nelson, Max at http://tavernator.com/beertheoryofhistory/?cat=23&paged=4

20. In a related note the Greeks and the Romans both relegated women to lower social status than their Egyptian and Sumerian brethren treating spiritual sexual activity for a tithe as a social vice, not a religious act. Moreover they eschewed most everything of barbarian or foreign origin which may explain their disdain of beer which in the major civilizations of the time, Persio-Sumerian and Egyptian was produced primarily by women. Was the adoption of wine as a cultural drink intended consciously or sub-consciously, by the Greeks and the Romans to distance themselves from their neighbors and to substantially displace women as arbiters of cultural power?)

21. http://beeradvocate.com/articles/629

22. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Actium.

23. Embittered by her people’s abandonment of her father, Re, and his greatest gift to them, beer, Hathor transformed herself from a Leopardess to a Python slowly squeezing the life blood out of her “children” until they became unrecognizable to their forefathers.
(Beertheostorian A – What kind of naive romanticized mystical new age crap is that?)
(The Editors – We expect more from someone allegedly trained in the tenets of dialectical materialialism and post-modernist deconstructionism.)

http://beeradvocate.com/articles/629, Egyptian Beer for the Living, the Dead … and the Gods, by: HorstDornbusch on Monday – February 28, 2005.
Eames, Alan, The Secret Life of Beer: Legends, Lore, and Little Known Facts, (Hereinafter Secret Life) Storey Publishing Pownal, VT, 1995 – pg. 73. (Nobody asked to be paid in gum, but they apparently did ask to be paid in beer. Unlike gum it is not an absurd way to measure the value of labor. Are you listening purveyors of Trident Layers)
3. Secret Life. Pg. 97. UAI – It probably rolls off the tongue much more poetically in Ancient Egyptian. English can be so banally utilitarian.)
Secret Life pg. 74
Secret Life pg. 80
6. (The Editors – they achieved a state of spiritual fucking unity!) http://beeradvocate.com/articles/629 Mandrake root is a hallucinogenic narcotic legendarily used in witchcraft which is rather poisonous unless very carefully dosed. Somewhat similar in look to ginger root it usually takes a sort of stick figure human shape and is mythologically said to scream when pulled out of the ground, ala Harry Potter. http://www.ehow.com/facts_5708117_mandrake-root-do-you_.html
Secret Life pg. 82
Secret Life pg. 99.
9. Secret Life pgs. 87-90.
(The Editor’s – Talk about a great seat to begin experiencing the rapture’s hour of power.)
11. It raises another issue which I may address at a later date, Was Mary Magdellan a symbolic or actual practitioner of the cult of Hathor or Ninkasi and her subordination to Jesus a symbolic removal of these female-centric sources of power by a male-centric god.
Secret Life pgs. 84-85. And http://beeradvocate.com/articles/629) One innovation the Egyptians may have brought to beer was the use of bittering agents. They did not actually brew them into the beer but were believed to have served them as a condiment. Skirret and Lupine for example were placed between the cheek and gum much like Skoal snuff chewing tobacco. Secret Life pgs. 94-95; There is also some indication that the Egyptians may have brewed beer in the more commonly understood way of boiling malted barley in water rather than solely soaking baked “loaves” of flat bread in water under the established Sumerian method of beer production. The Egyptian word “Bouza” today refers to soaked bread beer found occasionally in Egyptian and surrounding countries homes and establishments. This word is also believed to be the source of our modern term “Booze,” which ironically refers primarily to hard liquor. Pgs. 23-24 Nelson, Max: The Barbarian’s Beverage, A History of Beer in Ancient Europe, Routledge, Milton Park, 2005, (Hereinafter Barbarian’s Beverage)
As well as providing a threat of catastrophic retribution, if Egyptians failed to worship their gods and goddesses properly. See generally EgyptFirst Imbeerialist Power, Part 1 http://tavernator.com/beertheoryofhistory/wp-admin/post.php?action=edit&post=330
(The Editors – Give us some of that old time religion!)
Secret life Pg. 9 (Beertheostorian A – Deformed dwarf goddess of child birth, what do you expect from a society that sanctifies fetal alcohol syndrome, sexually transmitted diseases and incest as religious acts. It was good Judeo-Christian men, like Moses, Jesus, Paul, and Gambrinus who brought purity and clarity to religion and brewing.)(UAI – The Egyptians “suffered” through these deficiencies for nearly 3000 years. Before passing judgment, which good Christian practitioners should leave to the auspices of God, maybe we should study what they did and keep in mind the paucity of scientific understanding that may have lead them to overlook the obvious health problems with their life styles.)(The Editors – ZZZZZZZZZZZ)
http://beeradvocate.com/articles/629
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_the_Great 40 years of war between “The Successors” (Diadochi) ensued before the Hellenistic world settled into four stable power blocks: the Ptolemaic kingdom of Egypt, the Seleucid Empire in the east, [Sumeria and Persia], the Kingdom of Pergamon in Asia Minor[modern day Turkey, splitting control over Syria and the Levant with the Seleucid Empire], and the [Antigonad] in Macedonia [and Greece].” The last four would fall in reverse order to the Roman Empire within 100 years. The Ptolemaic Kingdom would last another 300 years in Egypt. (The Editors – The Anti-gonad, no wonder the Romans wanted to take them out. )(It is “Antigonid” after Antigones, you morons. – Beertheostorian A)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemy_I_Soter
See generally, Nelson, Max: Barbarian’s Beverage; and Nelson, Max at http://tavernator.com/beertheoryofhistory/?cat=23&paged=4
In a related note the Greeks and the Romans both relegated women to lower social status than their Egyptian and Sumerian brethren treating spiritual sexual activity for a tithe as a social vice, not a religious act. Moreover they eschewed most everything of barbarian or foreign origin which may explain their disdain of beer which in the major civilizations of the time, Persio-Sumerian and Egyptian was produced primarily by women. Was the adoption of wine as a cultural drink intended consciously or sub-consciously, by the Greeks and the Romans to distance themselves from their neighbors and to substantially displace women as arbiters of cultural power?
http://beeradvocate.com/articles/629
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Actium.
Embittered by her people’s abandonment of her father, Re, and his greatest gift to them, beer, Hathor transformed herself from a Leopardess to a Python slowly squeezing the life blood out of her “children” until they became unrecognizable to their forefathers. (Beertheostorian A – What kind of naive romanticized mystical new age crap is that?)
(The Editors – We expect more from someone allegedly trained in the tenets of dialectical materialialism and post-modernist deconstructionism.)

One Response to “Egypt First Imbeerialist Power? Part 2”

  1. jsl | 8/12/10

    It’s a little known fact that although the Czech Republic has the highest beer consumption rate per capita in the world, the United States has the highest rate of drivel (measured in liters). A team of scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology in Halle/Saale, Germany has recently completed a six-year longitudinal study of drivel rates in eighteen highly industrialized countries. According to the preliminary report, Americans imbibe three times as much drivel per annum as the residents of the rest of the industrialized world combined. This article on Egypt may represent more drivel than most developing nation’s per annum production.

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